By Gregory A. Reinhardt
The structure of Eskimo peoples represents a different and winning technique of dealing with some of the most critical climates humankind can inhabit. the preferred picture of the igloo is yet one of many many constructions tested through specialists Lee and Reinhardt within the first book-length and arctic-wide research of this impressive subject.
Lavishly illustrated with old and modern pictures, drawings, and maps, this quantity encompasses a complete survey of the old literature on Eskimo structure round the circumpolar north. Lee and Reinhardt additionally draw all alone vast fieldwork to provide a longer comparative research of the geographic, climatic, and ethnographic points of fabric from 4 Arctic subregions: Greenland; the principal Arctic; the Northwest Arctic and Bering Strait; and Southwest Alaska, the Bering Sea, Siberia, and the Gulf of Alaska. In an cutting edge attention of either fabric and cultural facets of residing, they and the peoples they describe redefine the very which means of "architecture."
While students of the circumpolar north will welcome the meticulous study of this benchmark learn, its transparent and fluent prose and considerable illustrations make an engrossing learn for experts and nonspecialists alike.
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Additional info for Eskimo Architecture: Dwelling and Structure in the Early Historic Period
Snowblocks were trapezoidal in outline, except for the final one, which was multisided and beveled so that its smaller inner surface would be held up by all the opposite-beveled blocks ringing it. The man inside first pushed this block sideways through the hole in the top, then rotated it overhead, trimmed it with his snow knife to suit the aperture, and lowered it horizontally into its seat (fig. 43N). ). Upon setting the last block in place, the team cut out an air vent near the dome’s crest and removed a section from its side for a temporary entrance (fig.
21D). Its entryway was vertical (fig. 21C) and its roof line sloped dramatically down, leaving little headroom toward the back (fig. 21E). The door frame consisted of a tall, sawhorse-like archway: a central, slightly curved crossbar pegged (at each end) to the apex of tall, paired uprights (fig. 21A). Long tent poles met above this door frame, where they were fastened together with skin thongs in front of the crossbar, then fanned out rearward from the crossbar and down to the ground (fig. 21B; Holm 1914:42; Thalbitzer 1914:364–365, figs.
3, 23, 26), and others were flat-faced but pitched forward (fig. 25). CHAPTER 1— GREENLAND F IGURE 21 Idealized East and West Greenland arched tent: (A) entrance arch and gut curtain details; (B) tent frame, rear view; (C) interior and exterior details; (D) floor plan (hatched circle = pole placements); (E) windbreak details and simplified side view. Reinhardt and Lee 1997:1804, courtesy of Cambridge University Press; after Crantz 1767:1:Pls. 3–4, 1767:2:Pl 9; Holm 1914:ﬁgs. 23–24; Thalbitzer 1914:ﬁgs.