By Barbara Voorhies
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Extra resources for Coastal Collectors in the Holocene: The Chantuto People of Southwest Mexico
That is, their reproductive strategy favors the ability to reproduce quickly and to disperse rapidly. Accordingly, such animals produce many small offspring that develop rapidly . This ecological model lies at the heart of the explanation of why clams, oysters, crabs, and shrimp can occur in great abundance in coastal lagoons. This has particular relevance here because the shellmounds were formed by people who were part of the food chain derived from some of these aquatic organisms. Coastal lagoons are prevalent in Mexico.
Similarly, we are ignorant of when the Chantuto B shellmounds began to accumulate because their basal deposits remain unexcavated. Finally, since the upper deposits of the Chantuto B shellmounds have been removed by later people they obviously cannot be dated, and this means that the end date of the Chantuto B subphase cannot be determined precisely. To avoid the awkwardness of the termsChantuto A subphase and Chantuto B subphase, I generally employ the more accessible termsMiddle Archaic and Late Archaic in this text to refer to these two intervals.
Contrary to the situation at many shellmounds in other places, individual dump loads are rarely discernible at the shellmounds in the Acapetahua Estuary. 6, where dark gray ash and shell lenses rest upon sloping shell deposits just above the level of the clay stratum. 9. Drawing of microstrata in a section of the west wall of Unit S1E1. 8. are associated with the industrial processing of shellfish for commercial exchange. Although whether the clam meat was exchanged cannot be deter mined from the present evidence, the clams were apparently processed in bulk quantities.