By Robert W. Preucel
This e-book explores the a number of ways that archaeologists supply desiring to the previous, highlighting debates over the ontological and epistemological prestige of the self-discipline and comparing present responses to those concerns. Explains why absolute foundations in archaeology are insufficient and appears on the choices. Highlights debates over the ontological and epistemological prestige of the self-discipline and evaluates present responses to those issues.Defines a brand new house for archaeological discourse and discussion.
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Extra resources for Archaeological Semiotics (Social Archaeology)
For Saussure, linguistics was a special case, albeit the most important one, within the broader semiological system. He conceived of the new science of semiology as related to social psychology and devoted to the investigation of the general principles of signs. With this conceptual shift, he established a uniﬁed discipline of broad theoretical scope and predicated upon the concept of the sign. In addition to language, he identiﬁed writing, sign language, Braille, symbolic rites, honoriﬁc speech, and military signals as other sign systems subject to semiological analysis.
I also review the inﬂuence of structuralism on linguistics in the form of Russian Formalism, the Prague Circle of Linguistics, the Linguistic Circle Copenhagen, and American Structural Linguistics. I then turn to a consideration of the relation of structuralism to structural, symbolic, and cognitive anthropologies. In Chapter 3, I discuss the semiotics of Charles Sanders Peirce and the philosophical tradition. I introduce his view of synechism and the pragmatic maxim which underlies his distinctive view of science.
Curtius and his students were known as the “neogrammarians” because of their vigorous commitment to a uniformitarian approach and their focus on understanding language change using modern data to explain the past. They challenged the popular idea of language developing on its own accord and instead regarded it as the product of a linguistic community. Although he certainly accepted some of their views, Saussure did not consider himself a neogrammarian. In particular, he was skeptical of the emphasis they placed on analogy in understanding language evolution, favoring the idea that it is only one aspect of interpretation.