Download e-book for iPad: Annual Plant Reviews Volume 26: Senescence Processes in by Susheng Gan

By Susheng Gan

The clinical and fiscal importance of plant senescence signifies that a lot attempt has been made to appreciate the procedures concerned and to plot technique of manipulating them agriculturally. in past times few years there was huge growth during this regard, specifically within the molecular, genetic and genomic points. Senescence has an enormous influence on agriculture. for instance, leaf senescence limits crop yield and biomass creation, and contributes considerably to postharvest loss in vegetable and decorative plants in the course of transportation, garage and on cabinets. furthermore, proteins, antioxidants and different dietary compounds are degraded in the course of senescence. Senescing tissues additionally turn into extra prone to pathogen an infection, and a few of the pathogens could produce pollution, rendering meals hazardous. Mitotic senescence can also confirm sizes of leaves, culmination and entire crops.

This quantity summarizes fresh progresses within the body structure, biochemistry, telephone biology, molecular biology, genomics, proteomics, and biotechnology of plant senescence. starting with a bankruptcy on senescence-related terminology and our present wisdom of mitotic senescence in crops (a much less well-studied area), the ebook specializes in post-mitotic senescence, and comprises chapters addressing the senescence of leaves, plant life and culmination. Later chapters study the advance of varied new biotechnologies for manipulating the senescence techniques of fruit and leaves, a few of that are forthcoming commercialization. The ebook is directed at researchers and pros in plant molecular genetics, body structure and biochemistry.Content:
Chapter 1 Mitotic Senescence in vegetation (pages 1–11): Susheng Gan
Chapter 2 Chlorophyll Catabolism and Leaf shade (pages 12–38): Stefan Hortensteiner and David W. Lee
Chapter three Membrane Dynamics and law of Subcellular alterations in the course of Senescence (pages 39–68): Marianne Hopkins, Linda McNamara, Catherine Taylor, Tzann?Wei Wang and John Thompson
Chapter four Oxidative tension and Leaf Senescence (pages 69–86): Ulrike Zentgraf
Chapter five Nutrient Remobilization in the course of Leaf Senescence (pages 87–107): Andreas M. Fischer
Chapter 6 Environmental law of Leaf Senescence (pages 108–144): Amnon Lers
Chapter 7 Developmental and Hormonal keep an eye on of Leaf Senescence (pages 145–170): Jos H.M. Schippers, Hai?Chun Jing, Jacques Hille and Paul P. Dijkwel
Chapter eight The Genetic regulate of Senescence printed through Mapping Quantitative Trait Loci (pages 171–201): Helen Ougham, Ian Armstead, Catherine Howarth, Isaac Galyuon, Iain Donnison and Howard Thomas
Chapter nine Genomics and Proteomics of Leaf Senescence (pages 202–230): Marie?Jeanne Carp and Shimon Gepstein
Chapter 10 Molecular rules of Leaf Senescence (pages 231–255): Hyo Jung Kim, Pyung okay Lim and Hong Gil Nam
Chapter eleven Flower Senescence (pages 256–277): Michael S. Reid and Jen?Chih Chen
Chapter 12 Fruit Ripening and its Manipulation (pages 278–303): James J. Giovannoni
Chapter thirteen Genetic Manipulation of Leaf Senescence (pages 304–322): Yongfeng Guo and Susheng Gan

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Extra info for Annual Plant Reviews Volume 26: Senescence Processes in Plants

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1996). , 2003), implies that FCCs rather than NCCs are the natural substrates for transport across the tonoplast. , 1998), but the molecular identity of the in vivo transport system remains to be elucidated. , 1992), but the nature of the transport system at the plastid envelope is still unknown. , 2002) as well as in silico prediction of envelope transporters (Koo and Ohlrogge, 2002) may enable the identification of candidate transporters in the future. Modifications and subsequent disposal of FCCs in the vacuole are reminiscent of the stepwise detoxification in plants of herbicides and xenobiotics.

H. (2001) Physiological significance of anthocyanins during autumnal leaf senescence. Tree Physiol 21, 1–8. K. and Peltonen, P. (2002) Bright autumn colours of deciduous trees attract aphids: nutrient retranslocation hypothesis. Oikos 99, 184–188. Horn, R. and Paulsen, H. (2004) Early steps in the assembly of light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b complex – time-resolved fluorescence measurements. J Biol Chem 279, 44400–44406. H¨ortensteiner, S. (1998) NCC malonyltransferase catalyses the final step of chlorophyll breakdown in rape (Brassica napus).

This pattern of color made it impossible to determine whether insects avoided the red or yellow coloration; perhaps any color different from the 30 SENESCENCE PROCESSES IN PLANTS green preferred by insects was effective. Aphids, however, grew little the following spring and trees were therefore not significantly different in visits and herbivory. Again, no evidence of differences in defensive compounds or palatability among the individual trees was shown. Thus, many of the predictions of this hypothesis have not been tested, but there appear to be visitation preferences during autumn leaf senescence, at least for some insects and some trees.

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