By C. A. Monroe
From the start of the 20th century, usa army person load-carrying equipments have been fabricated ordinarily of cotton duck and cotton webbing. during the First and moment international Wars, in addition to the Korean struggle, cotton-based load-carrying equipments served the infantryman with little swap of their layout and building. In 1954 a brand new load-carrying approach was once built to fulfill the desires of the infantryman at the perceived battlefields of the chilly conflict. on the onset of the Vietnam battle it was once transparent that this new cotton-based webbing procedure was once no longer applicable to be used within the humid surroundings of the jungles of Southeast Asia. the reply to the issues plaguing cotton load-carrying equipments got here within the type of nylon. Nylon apparatus used to be stumbled on to be harder, lighter and dried swifter than the standardized cotton apparatus. because the Vietnam warfare floor down nylon internet gear used to be proving to be the reply to different load-carrying difficulties that had arisen in the course of the process the struggle. In 1973 an all-nylon load-carrying gear approach used to be standardized exchanging all cotton-based load-carrying equipments in provider on the time. in view that 1973 all load-carrying equipments were fabricated using nylon and, in impact, closed the heritage booklet on cotton-based equipments. during this publication, C A Monroe and Craig Pickrall describe and illustrate the non-public gear of the U.S. military soldier through the interval, and exhibit the way it has constructed to fulfill altering operational wishes.
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Extra info for American Web Equipment 1967-1991
But fraud and irregularities reported from several bulldozed districts in the three states clouded the issue. The ofﬁcial returns ultimately sent to Washington gave all three states—and therefore the presidency—to Hayes. But the Democrats refused to recognize the results, and they controlled the House. The country now faced a serious constitutional crisis. Many people feared another civil war. The Constitution offered no clear guidance on how to deal with the matter. It required the concurrence of both houses of Congress in order to count the electoral votes of the states, but with a Democratic House and a Republican Senate such concurrence was not forthcoming.
Its chief target was the spoils system. With the slogan “To the victor belong the spoils,” the victorious party in an election rewarded party workers with appointments as postmasters, customs collectors, and the like. The hope of getting appointed to a government post was the glue that kept the faithful together when a party was out of power. The spoils system politicized the bureaucracy and staffed it with unqualiﬁed personnel who spent more time working for their party than for the government.
Army officers testified to abuse and terrorism in the South. Their testimony convinced Republicans of the need for stronger federal intervention to define and protect the civil rights of freedpeople. However, because racism was still strong in the North, the special committee decided to draft a constitutional amendment that would encourage southern states to enfranchise blacks but would not require them to do so. SCHISM BETWEEN PRESIDENT AND CONGRESS Meanwhile, Congress passed two laws to protect the economic and civil rights of freedpeople.