By Cornelis C. Goslinga
To English-speaking historians, the writer of this publication, a Dutchman who for a few years now unearths his base on the college of Florida, grew to become renowned while his The Dutch within the Caribbean and at the Wild Coast, 158~I680 used to be released in 1972. at the moment Professor Goslinga, who sooner than his educational occupation within the usa, lived for a longer interval in Cura~ao, Netherlands Antilles, had already received a great recognition between Dutch Caribbeanists via his manifold guides on social, political and maritime features of Dutch West Indian background. via his education, pursuits and current place, Dr. Goslinga would appear to me to be singularly well-equipped to put in writing a finished historical past - geared to an English-speaking collage public - of what used to be referred to as the Netherlands West Indies. the current e-book is the made of this specialist gear and of his lengthy educating event. it may cross a ways in filling the previous and broad hole in historic details in this a part of the previous Dutch empire, and that i desire an both broad yet more youthful viewers will savour it.
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Extra resources for A Short History of the Netherlands Antilles and Surinam
The Dutch arrived at their destination early in the morning of Palm Sunday, March 20. While many of the smaller ships circled around the island to prevent outside interference, six or seven of the larger ships sailed into Kay Bay and disembarked troops beyond the range of the Spaniard's guns. Commanding the island was one Guajardo Fajardo, who immediately had all available supplies as well as most of the cattle brought within the walls of the fort. Stuyvesant, having decided to direct the first blow against this stronghold, planted his men on the crests of the surrounding hills from where they had an unrestricted view of the entire area, controlled all points 32 CURA<;AO AS WAR BASE of access to the wells, and could cut off the Spaniards from escape into the neighboring wilderness.
The Company's executive board was called the Heren XIX or simply the XIX, and was composed of eight representatives from Amsterdam, four from Zeeland, two apiece from the three other districts, and the last member, number nineteen, representing the High and Mighty Lords of the States General. The XIX soon became the organizer of a dangerous series of attacks on the Spanish colonial empire in the West. As before, numerous private salt carriers of Dutch origin, and smugglers, who in so-called barcos de rescate traded with the Spanish settlers, continued to scour Philip's colonial domain.
Proceeding methodically in both directions from St. Ann with the support of a cavalry company made possible by the many horses roaming near by, the Dutch were able to bring the island under control within three weeks. On August 2I, De Morla capitulated on condition that he and his men be allowed to leave unharmed for the mainland. Van Walbeeck agreed to this request but, apparently not trusting newly converted Roman Catholics, insisted that the Indians - with the exception of 20 families - accompany their former masters.