Download PDF by D Alkazraji: A Quick Guide to Pipeline Engineering

By D Alkazraji

Pipeline engineering calls for an realizing of quite a lot of subject matters. Operators needs to have in mind a number of pipeline codes and criteria, calculation techniques, and reference fabrics with the intention to make actual and trained decisions.

A quickly advisor to Pipeline Engineering presents concise, easy-to-use, and available info on onshore and offshore pipeline engineering. subject matters lined contain: layout; building; checking out; operation and upkeep; and decommissioning.

Basic ideas are mentioned and transparent information on laws is equipped, in a fashion that may end up beneficial to either engineers and students.

  • Provides concise, easy-to-use, and obtainable info on onshore and offshore pipeline engineering
  • Topics lined comprise layout, development, trying out, operation, upkeep and decommissioning
  • Basic ideas are mentioned and transparent information on laws is provided

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Sample text

2 Commissioning After the hydrotest, the next stage is to dry the pipeline to ensure that no water remains on the internal pipe wall or at low spots along the pipe route. On a long-distance pipeline, even a thin film of water will amount to tonnes of remaining water. If water or moisture is left within the pipeline, it can cause a number of problems including: 48 Pressure Testing and Commissioning . Formation of hydrates in ‘sweet’ gas pipelines. Pitting corrosion caused by ‘sweet’ corrosion, where carbon dioxide dissolves in the water, forming carbonic acid.

2). Another type of welded pipe is the longitudinal submerged-arc welded pipe (LSAW). This construction method is summarized in Fig. 3. Generally, this is used for largerdiameter pipelines of 400 mm and above: . Plates of steel are cut to the required pipe length (typically 12 m), and the longitudinal edges are prepared so that welding can be done. The edges of the plates are firstly crimped, then forced into a U-shape and finally forced into the circular O-shape using a series of cold pressing operations.

17 Qualitative risk assessment 38 Pipeline Construction and Risk Assessment and is considered an effective method of optimizing integrity costs among pipeline operators worldwide. The main stages in developing an RBI programme are: . . identify failure mechanisms; conduct risk assessment on the pipeline(s); identify the required inspection method; define an inspection plan based on damage growth mechanisms and severity. To illustrate this method, look at the following example. 18 shows the first stage of identifying the likely failure mechanisms for three pipeline sections A, B and C and ranking them on the basis of consequence and probability of failure.

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