Read e-book online A Philosophy of Political Myth PDF

By Chiara Bottici

During this e-book, Chiara Bottici argues for a philosophical figuring out of political delusion. Bottici exhibits that fantasy is a technique, considered one of non-stop paintings on a uncomplicated narrative development that responds to a necessity for value. humans desire which means which will grasp the realm they dwell in, yet in addition they want importance in an effort to reside in an international that's much less detached to them. this is often relatively actual within the realm of politics. Political myths are narratives during which we orient ourselves, and act and think approximately our political international. Bottici indicates that during order to come back to phrases with modern phenomena, corresponding to the conflict among civilizations, we'd like a Copernican revolution in political philosophy. If we wish to store cause, we have to examine it from the viewpoint of delusion.

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With sophistry, a new process of professionalising philosophy began. The sophists aspired to be recognised as professional teachers of the technique of reasoning (dialektike techne), the importance of which increased notably in Athens in the fifth century. According to Plato, the sophists labelled as philosophy the rhetorical, dialectical and literary education that they were teaching to young politicians (Symposium I, 5). Indeed, it was with the centralisation of cultural life in Athens and with the political climate of the middle of the fifth century that dialectics strongly entered the political arena, and it was then that the sapientia of the old sophoi came into competition with the dialectics of sophists such as Gorgias and Protagoras.

Aristotle does not develop the concept of cause in terms of abstract relationships between events, but rather through the description of artistic production. In the creation of a sculpture, the formal cause is the idea of the statue, the material cause is the marble itself, the efficient cause is the artist himself, and the final cause is the ultimate result of the artistic creation (Physics II, 194b). Since, for Aristotle, “to know” means to know why things are like this, that is to know their causes (Met.

The fact that philosophers themselves make recourse to mythical narratives when dealing with philosophical issues should not come as a surprise. The presocratics were considered sophoi. The sophos was a figure in between poet and shaman: more precisely, he was someone who excelled in knowledge (see Colli 1975; 1977; 1978a; 1978b). Both their contemporaries and Plato called the presocratic philosophers sophoi, so that, instead of speaking of “presocratic philosophy”, we should speak of “Greek wisdom” (Colli 1977; 1978a; 1978b).

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