By Eric H. Cline
In 1177 B.C., marauding teams identified in basic terms because the "Sea Peoples" invaded Egypt. The pharaoh's military and military controlled to defeat them, however the victory so weakened Egypt that it quickly slid into decline, as did lots of the surrounding civilizations. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized international of the Bronze Age got here to an abrupt and cataclysmic finish. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the process quite a few many years. not more Minoans or Mycenaeans. not more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving financial system and cultures of the overdue moment millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, all of sudden ceased to exist, besides writing structures, expertise, and enormous structure. however the Sea Peoples by myself couldn't have prompted such frequent breakdown. How did it happen?
In this significant new account of the factors of this "First darkish Ages," Eric Cline tells the gripping tale of the way the tip was once led to by way of a number of interconnected mess ups, starting from invasion and riot to earthquakes, drought, and the slicing of overseas alternate routes. Bringing to existence the colourful multicultural international of those nice civilizations, he attracts a sweeping landscape of the empires and globalized peoples of the overdue Bronze Age and indicates that it was once their very interdependence that hastened their dramatic cave in and ushered in a depressing age that lasted centuries.
A compelling blend of narrative and the most recent scholarship, 1177 B.C. sheds new gentle at the advanced ties that gave upward thrust to, and finally destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the past due Bronze Age--and that set the level for the emergence of classical Greece.
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Additional resources for 1177 B.C. : the year civilization collapsed
And just as some former parts of the British Empire continue to play cricket and drink afternoon tea, long after the original empire vanished, so too some of the former parts of the Hittite Empire in northern Syria retained portions of Hittite culture, language, and religion—so much so that we now refer to them as the Neo-Hittites, who flourished during the early first millennium BC. By the time the Bible was written down, sometime between the ninth and the seventh centuries BC according to authorities, the original Hittites were long gone, but their successors—the Neo-Hittites—were firmly established in the northern part of Canaan.
Dividing their things, their hearts joyful. 6 And, with that, the Egyptians expelled the Hyksos from the land. They fled back to Retenu (one of the ancient Egyptian names for modern-day Israel and Syria, the same general area also known to the Egyptians as Pa-ka-na-na, or Canaan). The Egyptians, meanwhile, established the Eighteenth Dynasty, begun by Kamose’s brother Ahmose, which initiated what we now call the New Kingdom period in Egypt. Avaris and the rest of Egypt were rebuilt during this period, and Avaris itself was renamed.
7 There are certainly a number of later Eighteenth and Nineteenth Dynasty Egyptian pharaohs who married foreign princesses, primarily to cement diplomatic bonds or a treaty with a foreign power, as we shall see below, but it is not necessary to invoke politically instigated marriages to explain the occurrence of 18 • • • Chapter One Minoan wall paintings in Egypt, since there is other independent evidence for contacts between the Eastern Mediterranean, Egypt, and, in this case, the Aegean. Flashback: Mesopotamia and the Minoans It is clear, from a multitude of data, including archaeological artifacts, and textual and pictorial evidence, that the Minoans of Crete had already been in contact with several areas in the ancient Near East long before their interactions with the New Kingdom Egyptian pharaohs.